Bharat Nirman is a business plan for rural infrastructure which was implemented by the Government of India in order to provide some basic amenities to the rural India. The objectives of the plan are as followings.
It aims at providing safe drinking water to all the under developed areas in India by 2012.
It also aims to develop housing facilities for the poor. Initially the scheme targeted 60 lakh additional houses to be constructed for the poor within the year 2009, but now the plan has been extended to 2014 and the targeted house to be constructed has been increased to 1.2 crore. The plan also includes to cover 40% of the rural area with telecommunication facilities by the year 2014 and provide broadband coverage to all the 2.5 lakh Panchayats by the year 2012.
The plans suggests to construct all weather roads by the year 2012 in order to connect all the villages of India having a minimum population of 1000 ( 500 in case of hilly or tribal areas).
The plan aims to provide electricity to every village by the year 2012. The plan aims to provide an additional one crore hectare of irrigational land by the year 2012.
Bharat Nirman, a programme to build rural infrastructure, was launched by the Government of India in 2005.
Phase I of the programme was implemented in the period 2005-06 to 2008-09. Phase II is being implemented from 2009-10 to 2011-12.
Bharat Nirman comprises of six components:
iv)Rural Drinking Water Supply
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana(PMGSY) for Rural Roads , Rajiv Gandhi Vidyutikaran Yojana(RGVY) for Rural Electrification & Indira Awas Yojana(IWY) for Rural Housing come under Bharat Nirman.
Bharat Nirman programme of six schemes for the development of rural infrastructure is being stepped up by 45% in Union Budget 2009-10.